Pray for Those Who Mistreat You: Effects of Prayer on Anger and Aggression is the descriptive title of a study published a few days ago in the peer-reviewed journal, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. According to its authors, Dr. Ryan H. Bremner of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Dr. Sander L. Koole of VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Dr. Brad J. Bushman of Ohio State University at Columbus, prayer has a surprisingly strong and near instantaneous effect in reducing anger and aggression.
The study consisted of three experiments, which tested the hypothesis that the act of intentionally praying for others can significantly reduce anger and aggression after a provocation. In the first experiment, provoked participants who prayed for a stranger reported feeling their anger subside, whereas other participants who just focused their thoughts on a stranger did not report any lessening of their anger.
People often turn to prayer when they’re feeling negative emotions, including anger. We found that prayer really can help people cope with their anger, probably by helping them change how they view the events that angered them and helping them take it less personally.—Brad Bushman, Ohio State University.
In the second experiment, provoked participants who prayed for the individual who had angered them were less aggressive toward that person than were participants who just thought about the person who had angered them. In the third experiment, provoked participants who prayed for a friend in need reported acting less aggressively and feeling less anger than did people who simply thought about a friend in need.
These results are consistent with recent evolutionary theories, which suggest that religious practices can promote cooperation among unrelated people or in situations in which reciprocity would be highly unlikely. Also consistent with these findings are those previously published on Stresshacker about the connection between faith and stress, and that between longevity and spirituality.